Watch ► DIABETES INSIPIDUS- Learn about the illness DIABETES INSIPIDUS- Natural Cures for DIABETES INSIPIDUS
Symptoms Large amounts of dilute urine, increased thirst
Usual onset Any age
Types Central, nephrogenic, dipsogenic, gestational
Causes Depends on the type
Urine tests, blood tests, fluid deprivation test
Diabetes insipidus (DI) is a condition characterized by large amounts of dilute urine and increased thirst. The amount of urine produced can be nearly 20 liters per day.[ Reduction of fluid has little effect on the concentration of the urine. Complications may include dehydration or seizures.
There are four types of DI, each with a different set of causes.] Central DI (CDI) is due to a lack of the hormone vasopressin(antidiuretic hormone).] This can be due to damage to the hypothalamus or pituitary gland or genetics Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI) occurs when the kidneys do not respond properly to vasopressin. Dipsogenic DI is due to abnormal thirstmechanisms in the hypothalamus while gestational DI occurs only during pregnancy. Diagnosis is often based on urine tests, blood tests, and the fluid deprivation test. Diabetes mellitus is a separate condition with an unrelated mechanism, though both can result in the production of large amounts of urine.
Treatment involves drinking sufficient fluids to prevent dehydration.[ Other treatments depend on the type. In central and gestational DI treatment is with desmopressin. Nephrogenic DI may be treated by addressing the underlying cause or the use of a thiazide, aspirin, or ibuprofen. The number of new cases of diabetes insipidus each year is 3 in 100,000.] Central DI usually starts between the ages of 10 and 20 and occurs in males and females equally. Nephrogenic DI can begin at any age. The term “diabetes” is derived from the Greek word meaning siphon.
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